Posts tagged learn a language

Lesson Plan For Teaching Reading


LESSON PLAN For Teaching Reading
A. Students and Setting

The students are kindergarten kids around 5 years old, They have been learning very simple English for 2 years now.
It is a private kindergarten part of a school complex in a big middle class to upper class housing estate in Foshan Guangdong China. There are 27 kids boys and girls in the class. I teach the class one 40 minute lesson everyday. I move from class to class, the kids wait for me.
B. Lesson Background:

This class will be the Thursday class so the kids have already had 3 classes on the same topic, and tomorrow will be the last class. We change topics every week. We are learning a little picture book so the kids should be able to read a few pages, usually they parrot it. Each class we review 2 days before so this class we are reviewing the preceding 2 pages in the book before bringing in the new pages. We do 2 new pages a class.
C. Learning Objectives/Expected Results:

The kids should be able to look at the pictures and read the page. Some can, others can’t, As a class they try to join in, and in small groups they join in, I don’t have them read by themselves, they are two small for that.
D. Materials and Sources:

What I do is photo copy a little book onto A3 size paper, basically I blow up the size of the book so the kids can see it. I use magnets to stick the paper onto the blackboard.
A book you can enlarge with a photocopier and something to stick it on the board.

E. Procedures / Timing:

To start the class we have a warn up song and a chant , then we play a little game usually the ‘bee’ game to try and wear the kids out a bit so they will sit down. I’m the bee and I buzz around chasing the students and if they are sitting down to bee chases somebody else. For the song we will use “wheels on the bus” , the kids like doing the actions. Then we will do another action song “AAA say OK” there is a lot of arm waving and moving so they kids love it. Also we do the song quite often so the kids know it and they like doing it. Usually between 5 to 10 minutes

We learn 2 pages a day
The kids are in a half circle around the blackboard. And I bring out the pages from 2 days ago and the kids read them off, as long as one starts the rest join in. To get them going I’ll sometimes say the first and second words, they ‘ll usually take off then, and I can’t stop them. Then I’ll use boys, then girls, then cut the class up into smaller groups.
I’ll point to the pictures and the kids should say in English what I am pointing at. I’ve been teaching this class for 2 years now so the kids know what to do. Again 5 to 10 minutes

Now I’ll put up yesterdays pages and see how much they know, usually not much, then after pointing at a few pictures and saying sentences they know we get off the ground. As long as someone starts the others will follow. If some don’t want to join in I’ll leave them, I do the same again breaking the class down into smaller groups, everything is fast, sometimes I get groups of over 5 students come to the blackboard to read the page. This takes longer as some sentences are still new. 10 to 15 minutes.

Now it is time for a new page. I usually just say the new words cause the sentences are very similar, and the kids can usually work it out as long as they know the new words. This is just an introduction to the new words so it takes 5 to 10 minutes

To close the class we sing another action song, this time ‘bar bar black sheep’ and ‘head shoulders knees and toes ‘ I try to keep it simple. The I try to sneak out before I get mobbed by the kids Less than 5 minutes.
Teacher does/says . . .
Students do/say . . .
Approximate Time
Can …….cat
Can I get a cat

I like cats

Can I get a pig

I like pigs
F. Alternative Assessment:

We don’ do much assessment, usually I am assessed. As long as the kids learn a few words everybody is happy. The kids are too little to write and they can barely speak. So the assessment is on class participation and reading the sentences and knowing what I point at in the picture. Some students are very good at reading the sentences and others are no good so I like the kids to join in the class and try. Even if they say nothing I still don’t let them get in a situation where they will be embarrassed.
The kids are learning new words from pictures and sentences that can be used in everyday situations.

G. Reflection – Phase 1:

This lesson is appropriate to the kids as it is simple and the pictures with the words help the kids to understand what is going on. We are not really getting into too many integrated skills, just looking at the pictures and saying the words in English as well as reading the sentences in English and hopefully understanding them. The kids won’t assess themselves, if they can say English words and sentences after I leave the classroom that is a plus.
G. Classroom Management:
Kindergarten is not really as organized as a primary school classroom but I do try to arrange my classes into 2 groups so they can compete against each other. It is either in a half circle or 2 sides depending on the size of the class, and the amount of space in the classroom. This class is quite large so it is in two distinct groups. In China the students all have a number so I just call out a number and the student will answer. I don’t like to single out students so I usually get the whole group to answer or the boys or girls in the group.
Watch the video here to get an understanding of how I teach
As I have been teaching this class for a while now they know what to do and how to get into groups. I ask the kids for the name of the group and they call out a name, the name changes everyday. It is usually a word they know. To keep the class under control I use the 2 groups competing against each other and the group with the most points wins. The kids love it. They get stickers. I used to give them lollies but then I went healthy. Most students who take part in the class also get stickers.
I have used the group system in a very large class where I had the whole primary school grade 1 in a big lecture hall and the kids were in there class groups. They loved it as long as they knew the number of their class.

H. Reflection – Phase 2

I didn’t really change anything. We are teaching kindergarten and these kids love to play and mess around. But with the competing in the two groups it manages to keep them under control. As long as I manage to keep adding and rubbing out points or stars. We always have the warm up and the songs as the kids don’t like to sit still for very long. The songs do not change very often. If the kids like a song i’ll keep using it as when I bring in a new song they don’t always like it.
Integrated skills
The integrated skills are mainly speaking, listening and looking, matching objects with words and actions. Something like Asher’s TPR, we try and get the kids speaking in sentences as well as just words. ‘We are walking’ we are running’ while they are doing it. They all say ‘good morning’ but that is as far as we got they don’t say ‘good afternoon’ Kids love to show what they learn as we encourage them and give them stickers.

Alternative assessment
With this class the kids have to say words in English as they walk around the kindergarten. The Teaching Assistants will point to something and ask ‘What is that in English’ that is an ongoing that happens all the time. I’m also expected to that when I am with the kids.
The other form of assessment that is used is a little board with all the kids names on it and under everybody’s name there are stars and little stickers for things they do. And after they reach a certain number they get a small gift.

Differentiated instruction/individual learner differences
In the class I could have set up smaller groups so some kids could draw a picture of one of the animals and others could act like the animal. In the class we have kids act like the animal and I have face masks the kids can use. Even though I teach Montessori we haven’t mastered the art of letting the students do their own thing, so we try to keep the class together. In China it is all about control. When in groups I usually have a very good student showing the other what to do. When I bring out the sandpaper letters I need a student to show the others what to do. China Montessori hasn’t managed to bring in the mixed age group all the time, just for some of the classes.
There are learning stations set up in the class but in my class we do not use them as the kids are supposed to speak English. As I am the foreign teacher my classes are slightly different and there are Teaching Assistants in the class.

Classroom management
We set the ground rules for the class at the beginning so the kids know what to do. They give their own groups a name and that changes everyday. They wait for me to call on them then they have about 3 seconds to answer before moving on. All boys or all girls answer and the loudest gets a sticker. Even the ones who do not answer get a sticker. Motivation is for stickers and the more stickers they get the more stars and circles they get under their name.
In China classroom management is very important because of the large class size, so the students know what to do. I fit into their system. It is very flexible and the classroom teachers usually let the kids have fun.

Here is the pdf of the lesson plan
kindergarten lesson 3


I like the Montessori system of teaching writing and reading and this is the course I recommend

Peter Legrove spends most of his time in front of a mixed bunch of kids trying to instill in them some semblance of the road to survive the future.

This article is copyright © peter legrove.

You can use this article on your website or ezine but leave the resource box intact.
All the best teaching your children
Teacher Peter


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Teaching English In China

Peter Legrove has nearly finished his new book taken from his experiences of teaching English in China. He recommends after you or your children finish university spend some time teaching English overseas. It is a great experience and you might learn the language of the future.

Teaching English As A Second Language In China

China is screaming out for English teachers. Just go to any of the teach English job sites and you will see so many jobs you will be paralyzed. Go to Dave’s ESL cafe at and see what you can find. There are many job sites like, but here they would like you to study for there ESL teaching certificate, but you don’t need really need one. No one ever asked to see my certificates.

After you get to China this is the job site to use, This is the job site for getting jobs once you are in China. If you just want to find out about life in China have a look there. Also try out this website and do the online CV so your CV is up online.

Just remember in China a lot of sites you use everyday are blocked in China. Like youtube and Facebook. But that is not a problem just take an unblocker on your laptop or on a stick. I use- ultrasurf -and that worked extremely well. Anyway someone in China will give you an unblocker. That is not a problem. You have to take the download with you as most unblocker sites are also blocked.

I put my video CV up online on jobteachworld as it is not blocked, whereas most video sites are blocked. But you can put a video up on the Chinese video site like youku and tudou. They are possibly the two most popular sites.

Now for an introduction to China all I can say is ‘Be amazed’. I don’t think anyone outside of Asia has any idea about what you will expect and neither do you. I say “Welcome to the next superpower” because that is where China is heading. The whole place is moving, everywhere you go there are people and lots of them. And they are all enjoying life, spending money, buying things, eating out and what ever.

Get a recent copy of “Lonely Planet China” and follow it until you have a fair idea of what you can do yourself. Landing in China is very daunting, you can’t read the language and you can’t speak it so follow the book. It is chaos to the max.

Japan is very organized, Korea is not crowded but it is a bit of a disaster, until you know what you are doing. At least you can get a seat on the bus and the trains. In China forget it. Standing room only on the buses and trains, you get used to it.

Buses have numbers so as long as you know the bus number you should be able to find your way around. The subway stations are in pinyin so you can read them and it is pretty idiot proof. And a lot of the subway people speak English, or they will find somebody who does. So it is pretty good.

If you start in Hong Kong the shock will not be so great. Hong Kong is an overcrowded place that used to be the Pearl of the Orient but it got left behind as China overtook it. I used to live in Hong Kong but I never go back there now. China is the place. Hong Kong has stayed the same while China just bounded ahead. But you can get acclimatized in HK to the chaos when you go across the border.

Years ago when you went across the border between HK and China you used to go back in time. Now you are going to the future. After you come out of the immigration building, you just stroll to the railway station, about 5 to 10 minutes. Your last quiet stroll in China.

Once you get to the railway station, welcome to China. The lines to the ticket windows can be anything from 20 people to the back wall. Sometimes less than 20 but not very often. When you get to the window just say “Guangzhou” and get your ticket. You need your passport to get a ticket so have it handy. Some windows have an English sign meaning they speak English, so it is pretty straight forward.

The tickets are pretty self explanatory with the train number, your carriage number and the seat number. The trains leave every 15 minutes, sometimes 10 minutes and sometimes 20 minutes. Usually you have to wait for three trains before your train number appears on the screen. Then you follow the crowd, you wont get lost, everybody is getting on the same train. When you are on the platform find your carriage number, climb in and find your seat. Pretty straight forward. You have about 10 minutes to board the train before it takes off. Then you are barreling along at about 160 kms/hour. Not bad for your first hour in China.

For more information about teaching in China click here.

Peter Legrove spends most of his time in front of a mixed bunch of kids trying to instill in them some semblance of the road to survive the future.

This article is copyright © peter legrove.

You can use this article on your website or ezine but leave the resource box intact.

All the best teaching in China
Teacher Peter

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